1. The “Doctrine of No Surprises” states that: A. risk managers are expected to predict risks. B. the effect of the outcome of a predictable or an unpredictable event would not surprise the risk manager and the effect would have been quantified and considered in advance. C. the effect of the outcome of a predictable… Read More


1. Modern portfolio theory stresses the correlation between: A. particular portfolio and a benchmark portfolio. B. individual securities within a portfolio. C. individual securities macroeconomic variables.   2. The planning step in the portfolio management process includes: A. deciding the asset allocation between equities, fixed income securities and cash. B. preparation of an investment policy… Read More